Wolf History, Conservation, Ecology and Behavior
Abridged version available in RESOURCES
Article available in WOLF WARS
Abstract available in ABSTRACTS

Wolves Bibliography-U,V
USDI. Establishment of a Nonessential Experimental Population of Gray Wolves in Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming, Idaho, Montana, Central Idaho, and Southwestern Montana. Federal Register, 59/224, 60252-60281, 50 CFR Part 17, 22 Nov. 1994.
USDI. Final Rule to Reclassify and Remove the Gray Wolf From the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife in Portions of the Conterminous United States; Establishment of Two Special Regulations for Threatened Gray Wolves. Federal Register, 68/62, 15804-15882, 50 CFR Part 17, 1 April 2003.
USDI. Interim Wolf Control Plan for Northwestern Montana and the Panhandle of Northern Idaho. U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Fish & Wildlife Service, Denver, CO, Sept. 1999.
USDI. Northern Rocky Mountain Wolf Recovery Plan. U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Fish & Wildlife Service, Denver, CO, 1987 (119pp).
USDI. The Reintroduction of Gray Wolves to Yellowstone National Park and Central Idaho: Final Environmental Impact Statement. U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Fish & Wildlife Service, Denver, CO, 1994.
USDI. Rocky Mountain Wolf Recovery 2002 Annual Report. Published by U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Fish & Wildlife Service et al., 2003 (64pp).
USDI. Wolves for Yellowstone? A Report to the United States Congress, Vols. 1-4, Research & Analysis, National Park Service, Yellowstone National Park, 1992.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Mexican Wolf Recovery Plan. USFWS, 1982 (115 pp).
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Northern Rocky Mountain Wolf Recovery Plan. USFWS, 1987.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Recovery Plan for the Eastern Timber Wolf. USFWS, 1992.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Red Wolf Recovery Plan. USFWS, 1989.
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. The Reintroduction of Gray Wolves to Yellowstone National Park and Central Idaho: Final Environmental Impact Statement. USFWS, 1994.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Reintroduction of the Mexican Wolf Within Its Historic Range in the Southwestern United States - Final Environmental Impact Statement. USFWS, 1996.
Vales, D.J. & J.M. Peek. Estimates of the Potential Interactions Between Hunter Harvest and Wolf Predation on the Sand Creek, Idaho and Gallatin, Montana Elk Populations. In (Varley, J.D. & W.G. Brewster, eds.) Wolves for Yellowstone? A Report to the U.S. Congress, Vol. II, Research and Analysis, 1990, 3.93-3.167.
Vales, D.J. & J.M. Peek. Projecting the Potential Effects of Wolf Predation on Elk and Mule Deer in the East Front Portion of the Northwest Montana Wolf Recovery Area. In (Carbyn, L.N. et al., eds.) Ecology and Conservation of Wolves in a Changing World, Canadian Circumpolar Institute, 1995, 211-221.
Valiere, N. et al. Long-Distance Wolf Recolonization of France and Switzerland Inferred from Non-Invasive Genetic Sampling Over a Period of 10 Years. Animal Conservation, 6/1, 2003, 83-92.
Van Ballenberghe, V. et al. Ecology of the Timber Wolf in Northeastern Minnesota. Wildlife Monographs, 43, 1975, 1-43.
Van Ballenberghe, V. Effects of Predation on Moose Numbers: A Review of Recent North American Studies. Swedish Wildlife Research, Suppl. No. 1, 1987, 431-460.
Van Ballenberghe, V. Extraterritorial Movements and Dispersal of Wolves in Southcentral Alaska. Journal of Mammalogy, 64, 1983, 168-171.
Van Ballenberghe, V. & W,B. Ballard. Limitation and Regulation of Moose Populations: The Role of Predation. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 72, 1994, 2071-2077.
Van Ballenberghe, V. Physical Characteristics of Timber Wolves in Minnesota. In (Phillips, R.L. & C. Jonkel, eds.) Proceedings of the 1975 Predator Symposium, Montana Forest and Conservation Experiment Station, 1977, 1977, 213-219.
Van Ballenberghe, V. 1981. Population Dynamics of Wolves in the Nelchina Basin, Southcentral Alaska. In (Chapman, J.A. &  D. Pursley, eds.) Worldwide Furbearer Conference, 1981, 1246-1258.
Van Ballenberghe, V. Two Litters Raised in One Year by a Wolf Pack. Journal of Mammalogy, 64, 1983, 171-172.
Van Ballenberghe, V. & L. D. Mech. Weights, Growth, and Survival of Timber Wolf Pups in Minnesota. Journal of Mammalogy 56, 1975, 44-63.
Van Ballenberghe, V. Wolf Management in Minnesota: An Endangered Species Case History. Trans. North Am. Wildl. Nat. Resour. Conf., 39, 1974, 313-322.
Van Ballenberghe, V. Wolf Predation on Caribou: The Nelchina Herd Case History. Journal of Wildlife Management, 49/3, 1985, 711-720.
Van Ballenberghe, V. et al. Wolf Predation on the Nelchina Caribou Herd--Comment/Reply. Journal of Wildlife Management, 53/1, January 1989, 243.
Van Ballenberghe, V. The Wolves of Denali. Journal of Wildlife Management, 63/1, January 1999, 412 (3pp).
Van Camp, J. & R. Gluckie. A Record Long-Distance Move by a Wolf (Canis lupus). Journal of Mammalogy, 60, 1979, 236-237.
Van Manen, F.T. et al. Predicting Red Wolf Release Success in the Southeastern United States. Journal of Wildlife Management, 64/4, October 2000, 895.
Van Wagenen, J.A. Chased by Wolves. Sports Afield, 39/3, September 1907, 245-246.
Vangelova, L. Living with Wolves. Wildlife Conservation, 106/2, March/April 2003, 30 (4pp).
Varley, J.D. & W.G. Brewster. Wolves for Yellowstone? A Report to the United States Congress. National Park Service, July 1992.
Varley, N. & M.S. Boyce. Assessment of the WOLF5 Model: 8 Years After Wolf Recovery in Yellowstone. World Wolf Congress 2003.
Verde, T. Handsome Highlander (Ethiopian wolf). Wildlife Conservation, 105/1, Jan.-Feb. 2002, 36 (8pp).
Vila, C. et al. Combined Use of Maternal, Paternal and Bi-paternal Genetic Markers for the Identification of Wolf-Dog Hybrids. Heredity, 90/1, 2003, 17-24.
Vila, C. & R.K. Wayne. Hybridization Between Wolves and Dogs. Conservation Biology, 13/1, 1999 (4pp)
Vila, C. et al. Mitochondrial DNA  Phylogeography  and Population History of the Grey Wolf (Canis lupus). Molecular Ecology, 8/12, 1999 (15pp)
Vila, C. et al. Multiple and Ancient Origins of the Domestic Dog. Science, 276, 1997, 1687-1689.
Vila, C. et al. Possibly Not Male Dominated Interaction Among Iberian Wolves (Canis lupus). Mammalia, 54/2, 1990, 312-314.
Vila, C. et al. Rescue of a Severely Bottlenecked Wolf (Canis lupus) Population by a Single Immigrant. Proceedings: Biological Sciences270/1510, 2003, 91-97.
Vila, C. & J. Castroviejo. Use of Tiletamine and Zolazepam to Immobilize Captive Iberian Wolves (Canis lupus). Journal of Wildlife Diseases 30/1, 1994, 119-122.
Villemure, M. Large Predators in Small Parks: Wolves in La Mauricie National Park. World Wolf Congress 2003.
Vitterso, J. et al. Attitudes Towards Large Carnivores Among Sheep Farmers Experiencing Different Degrees of Depredation. Human Dimensions of Wildlife, 4, 1999, 20-35.
Voight, D.R. et al. Changes in Summer Foods of Wolves in Central Ontario. Journal of Wildlife Management, 40, 1976, 663-668.
Vos, J. Food Habits and Livestock Depredation of Two Iberian Wolf Packs (Canis lupus signatus) in the North of Portugal. Journal of Zoology, 251/4, 2000, 457-462.
Vucetich, J.A. et al. The Effect of Prey and Predator Densities on Wolf Predation. Ecology, 83/11, November 2002, 3003.
Vucetich, J.A. et al. Effects of Social Structure and Prey Dynamics on Extinction Risk in Gray Wolves. Conservation Biology, 11/4, August 1997, 957-965.
Vucetich, J.A. et al. Ratio Dependent Predation of Wolves on Moose. Beyond 2000: Realities of Global Wolf Restoration, 2000.